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IRAN History  

In the Middle of Silk Road
Iranian history and civilization are among its great tourism attractions. The Silk Road, since its birth in the second half of the second century B.C. until the early years of the 20th century, passed through the Iranian territories.

Iran’s unique regional and global geopolitical situation has provided numerous opportunities for foreign businessmen and tourists of many countries. Throughout the years, Iran provided services to groups of tourists and businessmen who used its ports and islands in the Sea of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea as well as the Silk Road for cultural and economic interactions.

Many edifices, aqueducts, caravansaries, bridges, mosques, traditional bathhouses and bazaars still remain in the mountainous and desert areas of the country marking the type of services that Iranians provided for globetrotters and businessmen throughout history. Two main highways of the Silk Road which played an important role in promoting cultural and commercial bonds between the East and the European countries, passed through Iran. The first one which was known as the Road for trading Spices (Adviyeh) connected the Indian subcontinent to Europe via the central and southern cities and ports of the Sea of Oman and the Persian Gulf.

Silk Road
The other one was the main Silk Road which connected the cities in the northern areas of Iran, such as Kermanshah, Hamedan, Rey, Gorgan, Neyshabour, and Toos to Central Asia (Marv, Samarqand, and Bukhara), China, and Japan.